By some estimates, the gender pay gap has shrunk in the past 50 years, says Joseph Manicki, vice president, total rewards and diversity & inclusion at Vista Outdoor. In the 1960s, women made about 65 percent of what men did, but a recent Pew Research Center report found that figure had climbed to 80 percent. Still, challenges exist, and that has less to do with identifying equal pay—which is relatively straightforward—than with defining equal work, Manicki says. Today, companies are taking a more specific, market-based approach to hiring individual employees, which can make salary comparisons more difficult. Here, Manicki talks with Lindsay Burkhard, program director of Georgetown University’s Master's in Human Resources Management program about the successes in reducing the pay gap and the challenges ahead.